Population, Employment, and Household Characteristics
The housing element must include a description and analysis of current population trends and employment data, including an identification of significant employers, industries, and typical wages. In addition, it must also include an analysis of household characteristics, such as tenure (rental or homeownership), growth rate, and trends.
Government Code Section 65583(a) requires an assessment of housing needs and an inventory of resources and constraints relevant to the meeting of these needs. This assessment includes an analysis of population and employment trends (GC 65583 (a)(1)) and household characteristics (GC 65583 (a)(2)).
- Discuss current population and recent trends.
- Describe amount and rate of population growth.
- Compare population and rates of growth to the countywide or regional total and to surrounding jurisdictions.
- Describe population by age.
Information regarding population data can be found using the U.S. Census American Community Survey, and the California Department of Finance (Report E-5). Pre-approved data packages are now available from HCD or your regional council of governments! For more information, please email Megan Kirkeby, Housing Policy Senior Specialist.
The following sample tables will help organize critical information pertaining to housing-element requirements. The information provided in the tables should be tailored to the jurisdiction and followed by appropriate analysis. (Note: These sample tables are not intended to be a substitute for addressing the analytical requirements described in the statute.)
|Population Growth Trends|
|Year||Population||Numerical Change||Percent Change||Average Annual Growth Rate|
|Population Trends — Neighboring Jurisdictions|
|Jurisdiction Name||2000||2010||Change (2000-2001)|
|Population by Age|
- Describe employment by industry trends using the most-recent U.S. Census American Community Survey data. Discuss recent and anticipated changes in employment and impacts on the housing market.
- Discuss opportunities for promoting and improving jobs-housing balance, such as mixed-use and other zoning opportunities to facilitate housing that is located near jobs and job centers.
- Identify some of the larger employers in the area and typical types of jobs and earnings.
- Generally discuss wage ranges of major employers and employment sectors and related housing needs for employees earning those wages.
Information regarding employment data can be found using the U.S. Census American Community Survey data, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, and the California Economic Development Department. Wage and housing affordability data can be found using the National Low Income Housing Coalition’s Out of Reach report and the Center for Housing Policy’s Paycheck-to-Paycheck data.
|Employment by Industry|
|Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining|
|Transportation, warehousing, and utilities|
|Finance, insurance, real estate, rental and leasing|
|Professional, scientific, management, administration|
|Education, health, and social services|
|Arts, entertainment, recreation, and services|
- Describe current number of households by tenure (rental or ownership).
- Describe and analyze changes in proportion of renter and owner households.
- Discuss household-growth trends in relation to types of housing needed.
- Discuss numerical, annual household growth.
- Describe how the housing needs of owners and renters are being met.
- Discuss the number and change of renters in single-family units versus multifamily units.
Information regarding household data can be found using the US Census (2010 Census, SF 2: QT-H2, 2000 Census, SF 3: H7), most-recent U.S. Census American Community Survey, and the California Department of Finance (Report E-5).
|Household Growth Trends (2000 - Current)|
|Year||Households||Numerical Change||Annual Percent Change|
|Households by Tenure|
|* if available|
- Sample Analysis (PDF)
- Jurisdiction — City of Turlock (PDF)
- Jurisdiction — Huntington Beach - 2013 (PDF)
- Jurisdiction — City of Walnut Creek - 2010 – Population and Employment Trends (PDF)
- Jurisdiction — County of San Luis Obispo - 2009 (PDF)
- American FactFinder — Census 2010/American Community Survey Data
- UC Davis, Regional Opportunity Index — Interactive maps
- US Bureau of Labor Statistics
- California Economic Development Department — Labor Market Information
- National Low Income Housing Coalition “Out of Reach” report
- National Housing Conference — Paycheck-to-Paycheck Report
- HUD American Housing Survey
- HUD Special Tabulations of Households (by income, tenure, age of householder, and conditions)
- Healthy City — Data and mapping tools to build a better community.