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California Department of
Housing and Community Development

Population, Employment, and Household Characteristics

The housing element must include a description and analysis of current population trends and employment data, including an identification of significant employers, industries, and typical wages. In addition, it must also include an analysis of household characteristics, such as tenure (rental or homeownership), growth rate, and trends. 


(916) 263-2911

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Government Code

Government Code Section 65583(a) requires an assessment of housing needs and an inventory of resources and constraints relevant to the meeting of these needs. This assessment includes an analysis of population and employment trends (GC 65583 (a)(1)) and household characteristics (GC 65583 (a)(2)).

Requisite Analysis

Population Trends

Data Sources

Information regarding population data can be found using the U.S. Census American Community Survey, and the California Department of Finance (Report E-5). Pre-approved data packages are now available from HCD or your regional council of governments! For more information, please email Megan Kirkeby, Housing Policy Senior Specialist.

The data package information can be found by clicking the Regional Housing Needs section on the Regional Housing Needs Allocation and Housing Elements web page.

Sample Tables

The following sample tables will help organize critical information pertaining to housing-element requirements. The information provided in the tables should be tailored to the jurisdiction and followed by appropriate analysis. (Note: These sample tables are not intended to be a substitute for addressing the analytical requirements described in the statute.)

Population Growth Trends
Year Population Numerical Change Percent Change Average Annual Growth Rate
Population Trends — Neighboring Jurisdictions
Jurisdiction Name 2000 2010 Change (2000-2001)
  Number Percent
Population by Age
Age 2000 2010
Group Number Percent Number Percent
0-9 years        
10-19 years        
20-24 years        
25-34 years        
35-44 years        
45-54 years        
55-59 years        
60-64 years        
65-74 years        
75-84 years        
85+ years        
Median Age        

Employment Trends

Data Sources

Information regarding employment data can be found using the U.S. Census American Community Survey data, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, and the California Economic Development Department. Wage and housing affordability data can be found using the National Low Income Housing Coalition’s Out of Reach report and the Center for Housing Policy’s Paycheck-to-Paycheck data.

Sample Table

Employment by Industry
Industry Type 2010
Number Percent
Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining    
Wholesale trade    
Retail trade    
Transportation, warehousing, and utilities    
Finance, insurance, real estate, rental and leasing    
Professional, scientific, management, administration    
Education, health, and social services    
Arts, entertainment, recreation, and services    
Other services    
Public administration    

Household Growth

Data Sources

Information regarding household data can be found using the US Census (2010 Census, SF 2: QT-H2, 2000 Census, SF 3: H7), most-recent U.S. Census American Community Survey, and the California Department of Finance (Report E-5).

Sample Tables

Household Growth Trends (2000 - Current)
Year Households Numerical Change Annual Percent Change
Households by Tenure


2000 2010 Current*
  Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
* if available            

Sample Analyses


Helpful Websites

Other Technical Assistance and Resources