Native American Tribes

According to the 2010 U.S. Census, California has the largest Native American population in the nation. Nearly 216,000 Californians identified solely as “American Indian." California currently has 109 federally recognized tribes, almost one-fifth of all tribes nationwide.  These tribes — which include nearly 100 small reservations and Rancherias — are spread out across the state, in urban, suburban, and rural jurisdictions. California differs from other states in that only a small percentage of California tribes' land is held in trust by the U.S. government.

Poverty disproportionately affects tribal populations. The rate of tribal poverty is more than twice that of the rest of the California's population, and one-third of tribal residents live below the federal poverty rate.

In May 2015, HCD began meeting with representatives of Native American tribes and Tribally Designated Housing Entities to discuss tribal participation in the Home Investment Partnerships program (HOME). In January 2016, HCD proposed regulation changes addressing tribal access to HOME funds. A public hearing and two public comment periods resulted in a proposed amendment of developers, including Native American entities being eligible for HOME funds. Adoption of the proposed amendment is expected in January 2017.

View HCD's Tribal Consultation Policy. (PDF) (2014)

Learn more about the housing needs of Tribes in California's Housing Future: Challenges and Opportunities.